Using BEFORE INSERT Trigger in Oracle

This Oracle tutorial explains how to create a BEFORE INSERT Trigger in Oracle with syntax and examples.

Description

A BEFORE INSERT Trigger capacity that Oracle will fire this set off before the INSERT operation is executed.

Syntax

The syntax to create a BEFORE INSERT Trigger in Oracle/PLSQL is:

CREATE [ OR REPLACE ] TRIGGER trigger_name
BEFORE INSERT
   ON table_name
   [ FOR EACH ROW ]

DECLARE
   -- variable declarations

BEGIN
   -- trigger code

EXCEPTION
   WHEN ...
   -- exception handling

END;

Parameters or Arguments

OR REPLACE Optional. If specified, it permits you to re-create the trigger is it already exists so that you can trade the set off definition except issuing a DROP TRIGGER statement. trigger_name The title of the trigger to create. BEFORE INSERT It shows that the set off will furnace before the INSERT operation is executed. table_name The name of the desk that the set off is created on.

Restrictions

You can not create a BEFORE set off on a view. You can replace the :NEW values. You can not replace the :OLD values.

Note

See also how to create AFTER DELETE, AFTER INSERT, AFTER UPDATE, BEFORE DELETE, and BEFORE UPDATE triggers. See additionally how to drop a trigger.

Example

Let’s seem to be at an example of how to create an BEFORE INSERT trigger the use of the CREATE TRIGGER statement.

If you had a table created as follows:

CREATE TABLE orders
( order_id number(5),
  quantity number(4),
  cost_per_item number(6,2),
  total_cost number(8,2),
  create_date date,
  created_by varchar2(10)
);

We may want to then use the CREATE TRIGGER announcement to create an BEFORE INSERT set off as follows:

TIP: When the usage of SQLPlus, you want to enter slash on a new line after the trigger. Otherwise, the script might not execute.

CREATE OR REPLACE TRIGGER orders_before_insert
BEFORE INSERT
   ON orders
   FOR EACH ROW

DECLARE
   v_username varchar2(10);

BEGIN

   -- Find username of person performing INSERT into table
   SELECT user INTO v_username
   FROM dual;

   -- Update create_date field to current system date
   :new.create_date := sysdate;

   -- Update created_by field to the username of the person performing the INSERT
   :new.created_by := v_username;

END;

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